According to the Turkish Statistical Institute (TÜİK) 172 national, 112 regional and 2.447 local newspapers were published in 2015, totalling 2.731.
The total circulation of national daily newspapers in 2015 was on average 4.591.784 copies per day (5.461.853 including local newspapers, which amounts to 6% of Turkey's population of 78,741,53 as of 31 December 2015), the lowest since 2006, according to the Turkish Statistical Institute (TÜİK). TÜİK's circulation data includes newspapers that are given out for free as well. According to Medyatava, which uses data from distribution firms, the total circulation is significantly lower - at around 3.300.000 (4% of the population) in October 2016.
Print Media Second in Advertisement Revenues
In terms of advertising revenue newspapers come second after TV. According to the first half of 2016 estimates by Advertisers' Association; dailies held 14. 57 per cent of advertisements in the whole of media. TV held 53.2 per cent.
In the first 6 months of 2016, Hürriyet, Sabah and Posta were the top three newspapers in advertising revenue.
An important source of income for newspapers are public announcements and advertising handed out by the state-controlled Press Advertising Authority (BİK). How much advertising revenue each paper gets is determined according to the paper's circulation, and, it is largely claimed that free newspapers are also included in the circulation data of newspapers and that circulation numbers are inflated for more advertisement.
BİK has refused to answer a freedom of information request by MOM to disclose advertising handed out to newspapers in the past 12 months, claiming this information was a "trade secret".
According to data achieved from BİK, the most popular daily newspapers were Hürriyet, Sabah, Posta, Türkiye, Takvim, Sözcü, Habertürk, Milliyet, Yeni Şafak and Güneş. Doğan and Kalyon Groups both own two dailies. İhlas Group, Estetik Yayıncılık, Ciner Group, Demirören Group, Albayrak Group and Ethem Sancak each own one newspaper.
Except for Doğan's Hürriyet and Posta, and Burak Akbay's Sözcü, all newspapers in the top 10 list belong to groups known to be close to the ruling AK Party. All owners except for one (Burak Akbay) have major investments outside of media that depend on state contracts, such as in energy and construction.
Decrees Released Under the State of Emergency
In October 2015, a Turkish court seized Ipek-Koza Groups's Millet and Bugün dailies; and in March 2016 Feza Yayıncılık which owned Zaman, Today's Zaman and Meydan newspapers, as well as Cihn News Agency and Aksiyon magazine. The trustees which took over the newspapers, shut them down.
After the coup attempt in 15 July 2016, a state of emergency was declared on 20 July 2016, during which 178 media companies were shut down based on decrees numbered 668 (27 July 2016), 675 (29 October 2016) ve 677 (22 November 2016).
62 newspapers were shut down based on decrees 668 (45), 675 (10) and 677 (7); 14 were shut down based on decree 668, three were shut down based on decree 675 and one based on 677. Through additional lists of closures, two news agencies were shut down based on decree 675, 29 publishing houses and distribution companies were shut down based on decree 668.
These shutdowns were based on "connection and communication with the Gulenist Terror Organization (FETO/PYD) which has been established as a threat to national security; as well as terror organizations and structures and groups which have been declared as acting against the security of the state, by the National Security Council."
Among the shutdown newspapers, six (Bingöl Olay, Kurtuluş, Lider, İscehisar, Ege'de Sonsöz and Hakikat) were reopened through decrees.
Adana Haber Gazetesi, Batman Postası Gazetesi, Adana Medya Gazetesi, Batman Doğuş Gazetesi, Akdeniz Türk Gazetesi, Bingöl Olay Gazetesi, Şuhut'un Sesi Gazetesi, İrade Gazetesi, Kurtuluş Gazetesi, İskenderun Olay Gazetesi, Lider Gazetesi, Ekonomi, İscehisar Durum Gazetesi, Ege'de Son Söz Gazetesi,Türkeli Gazetesi, Demokrat Gebze Gazetesi, Antalya Gazetesi, Kocaeli Manşet, Yerel Bakış Gazetesi, Bizim Kocaeli, Nazar, Haber Kütahya Gazetesi, Batman Gazetesi, Gediz Gazetesi, Son Nokta Gazetesi, Zafer Gazetesi, Merkür Haber Gazetesi, Hisar Gazetesi, Millet Gazetesi, Turgutlu Havadis Gazetesi, Bugün Gazetesi, Milas Feza Gazetesi, Meydan Gazetesi, Türkiye'de Yeni Yıldız Gazetesi, Özgür Düşünce Gazetesi, Hakikat Gazetesi, Taraf Gazetesi, Urfa Haber Ajansı Gazetesi, Yarına Bakış Gazetesi, Ajans 11 Gazetesi, Yeni Hayat Gazetesi, Yeni Emek Gazetesi, Zaman Gazetesi, Banaz Postası Gazetesi, Today's Zaman Gazetesi, Özgür Gündem Gazetesi, Batman Çağdaş Gazetesi, Azadiya Welat Gazetesi, Cizre Postası Gazetesi, Yüksekova Haber Gazetesi, Güney Express Gazetesi, İdil Haber Gazetesi, Kızıltepe'nin Sesi Gazetesi, Urfanatik Gazetesi, Prestij Haber Gazetesi, Express Gazetesi, Dağyeli Gazetesi, Türkiye Manşet, Akis Gazetesi, İpekyolu Gazetesi,Yedigün Gazetesi, Son Dakika Gazetesi.
Akademik Araştırmalar Dergisi, Aksiyon, Asya Pasifik (PASİAD) Dergisi, Bisiklet Çocuk Dergisi, Diyalog Avrasya Dergisi, Gül Yaprağı Dergisi, Nokta, Sızıntı, Ekolife Dergisi, Ekoloji Dergisi, Fountain Dergisi, Gonca Dergisi, Yağmur Dergisi, Yeni Ümit, Zirve Dergisi, Özgürlük Dünyası Dergisi, Tiroj Dergisi, Evrensel Kültür, Haberexen dergisi.
Shutdown news agencies
Cihan Haber Ajansı, Muhabir Haber Ajansı, SEM Haber Ajansı, Dicle Haber Ajansı, Jin Haber Ajansı.
Shutdown publishing houses and distribution companies
Altın Burç Yayınları, Işık Akademi, Burak Basın Yayın Dağıtım, Işık Özel Eğitim Yayınları, Define Yayınları, Işık Yayınları, Dolunay Eğitim Yayın Dağıtım, İklim Basın Yayın Pazarlama, Giresun Basın Yayın Dağıtım, Kaydırak Yayınları, Gonca Yayınları, Kaynak Yayınları, Gülyurdu Yayınları, Kervan Basın Yayıncılık, GYV Yayınları, Kuşak Yayınları, Ufuk Basın Yayın Haber Ajans Pazarlama, Muştu Yayınları, Ufuk Yayınları, Nil Yayınları, Waşanxaneya Nil, Rehber Yayınları, Yay Basın Dağıtım Pazarlama-Reklamcılık, Sürat Basım Yayın Reklamcılık Eğitim Araçları, Yeni Akademi Yayınları, Sütun Yayınları, Yitik Hazine Yayınları, Şahdamar Yayınları, Zambak Basın Yayın Eğitim Turizm
Regulation Regarding Official Advertisement
A new criterion was brought into the regulation of official advertisement by Press Advertising Authority (BİK) - a public entity which is responsible for the distribution of official advertising - in 5 October 2016. With the new "Regulation Regarding Periodicals to Run Official Announcements and Advertisements," the right of a media outlet to publish official advertising is stopped, until the cases regarding "crimes against constitutional order" and/or "counter-terrorism against the grant holder, the individual proprietor or the legal entity, or representatives of the legal entity, major part of the partners or legal proprietors are closed. With the same regulation, media outlets that do not dismiss employees that are standing trial based on the same allegations in five days, will also lose their right to publish official advertising.
The top 10 selling newspapers circulations’ in June 2016, according to Press Advertising Institution (BİK), obtained via a freedom of information request on 29 August 2016
Print Media Statistics. (2015)
Sözeri, C. (2015, May). Türkiye’de Medya-İktidar İlişkileri Sorunlar ve Öneriler
Doğan Şirketler Grubu Holding A.Ş. 01.01.2015 – 31.12.2015 Hesap Dönemine Ait Faaliyet Raporu. (2016, March)
2015 Yılında Reklam Yatırımlarında %9 Artış Yaşandı. (n.d.). Retrieved September 1, 2016
Karagülle, F. (2015, August 7). 2015'in ilk altı ayında hangi gazete ne kadar resmi ilan aldı? T24. Retrieved September 1, 2016