By December 2018, Turkey's population reached 82,003,882 of which 50,2 % is men and 49,8% is women. The annual population growth rate was 12.4 in 2017 and 14.7 in 2018. 92,3 percent of the population live in urban areas.
According to 2017 data from the Turkish Statistical Institute (TÜİK), the rate of illiteracy was 3,5 % (approximately 2.5 million people), varying significantly between 1,1 % for men and 5,9 % for women.
1,291,055 babies were born in Turkey in 2017- a 20,840 decrease from the year before. Fertility rate fell from 2,11 to 2,07 in 2017 (TÜİK, 2017).
In September 2018, the unemployment rate was 11,4 percent; unemployment among youth (15-24) was 21,6 percent (TÜİK, September 2018).
While Turkish is the only official language, a total of 36 languages are spoken in the country. Rising request for education in the mother language is still a current topic, especially among Kurds. In the 12-year mandatory education system that was started in 2012-2013 academic year, students were offered elective courses focused on the Qoran, Life of Mohammad the Prophet, Fundamentals of Religion, Reading Skills, Writing and Writing Skills, Living Languages and Dialects, Communication and Presentation Skills, Foreign Languages. These classes have a requirement of at least 10 applications. The influence of the school management on the selection of these classes is also an issue of discussion. Living languages courses include Abkhazian, Circassian, Kurdish and Zazaki. There is not enough information regarding the course of implementation so far. According to a statement from the Ministry of Education, as of February 2016, 59 lecturers were appointed for Kurdish and Zazaki classes. An overwhelming majority is accepted as Sunni Muslim while violations of the right to diverse faiths, including the Alevi faith, and the right to impiety continue.