Online Media

Turkey has a population of 79.41 million. 42 million of the total population are active on social media. 36 million users reach media through mobile devices. Among social media platforms Facebook is the most used, with 32 per cent. Whatsapp is used by 24 per cent, Facebook Messenger is used by 20 per cent, Twitter is used by 17 per cent and Instagram is used by 16 per cent. According to a 2016 study by We Are Social, "Internet and Social Media User Statistics" 77 per cent of Internet users go online every day and 16 per cent goes online at least once every week.

Web traffic is calculated at 51 per cent for laptops and desktop computers, whereas it is 46 per cent for mobile devices and 4 per cent for tablets.

In the first three months of 2016, Internet users' top activity was getting on social media (82,4%), followed by watching videos (74,5 per cent) and reading the news (69,5per cent) according to the Turkish Statistical Institute. Internet use is around 61,2 per cent as of April 2016, according to the Turkish Statistical Institute (TÜİK). 70,5 per cent of men use the internet, compared to 51,9 percent of women.

Based on data from Turkish Foundation of Advertisers', out of a total of USD 1 million investment in advertisement, 22.07 per cent goes to social media.

According to an online survey published in Reuters Institute's Digital News Report 2016, 73 per cent of surveyed Internet users in urban Turkey said they use social media as a news source. The most popular site was Facebook, followed by Youtube and Twitter.

Social media is closely monitored by the government. President Erdoğan has strongly criticized Twitter - and social media in general - many times, most recently saying that he is "against social media" after the Atatürk Airport bombing in July 2016.

Turkey periodically orders Internet service providers to block access to social media sites by slowing traffic. Twitter, Facebook and Youtube have been temporarily shut in 2016 as many times before.

According to Twitter's 2016 report of transparency, 761 verdicts were given to ban content. 712 of these were from Turkey. Public employees such as government officials and police's request to remove content from Twitter were 4,434. 1,781 of these were from Turkey, making the country front runner in request for bans. Twitter has withheld 240 accounts, out of which 221 were from Turkey. Out of the 2,599 tweets that were withheld, 1,571 withheld through the request of Turkey.

 

Blocked websites

 

More than 117.949 websites are blocked as of November 2016, according to engelliweb.com, a site which monitors banned websites. 108,834 of these were banned by the Information and Communication Technologies Authority (BTK) and Telecommunications Communication Presidency (TİB) which is attached to BTK. Following the 15 July 2016 coup attempt, TİB itself was closed in August 2016 through decree 671 released under the state of emergency. In 30 September 2016, 18 web sites had been closed. 

Besides web sites, according to engelliweb.com, by November 2016 1,423 news stories and other URLs, as well as 1,098 YouTube videos were banned.

  • Project by
    Bianet
  •  
    Reporters without borders
  • Funded by
    BMZ